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Blazing Saddles is a American comic film from 1974directed by Mel Brooks and starring Cleavon LittleGene Wilder and Madeline Kahn.

The scenario was based on an idea by screenwriter Andrew Bergman and his story "Black Bart". It is a parody on the westerngenre. The movie was a gigantic success in cinemas and was ironically one of the most profitable westerns of all time. In the US alone was a turnover of 47.8 million dollars in cinemas and in total the film in the United States alone, $ 119.5 million muster.

In 2006, the film because of the historical, cultural and aesthetic importance for conservation was added to the National Film Registry of the Library of Congress American.

ContentEdit

[hide]*1 Story

Story[Edit]Edit

Read warning: text below contains details about the content and/or the end of the story.

The Wild West, in 1874. As the construction of a railway track runs up against quicksand, should be a new route chosen. Annoying enough for the builders is now the town of Rock Ridge in the road. The builders, led by General Lamarr, hire a gang led by the villain in Taggart. They should expel the residents, all of which Johnson called so they can take over the country cheap. If the residents of Rock Ridge this brands, they ask the Governor to a new sheriff. Lamarr knows the Governor to convince the African-American railroad worker Bart in the hire for this job. This he hopes to insult the people of Rock Ridge so that they will leave by itself or the new sheriff will Lynch. But it picks up different. Bart along with his deputy, the alcoholic sniper Jim, the Waco Kid, the residents of Rock Ridge on his hand. Furious hires Lamarr now every villain in that he can find (including Ku Klux Klan members, Nazis, Arab terrorists, Crusaders and Hell's Angels). Bart Lamarr within twenty-four hours will strike and devises a plan. He let his fellow spoorwegarbeiders some kilometers further on build a replica of Rock Ridge, complete with replicas of the inhabitants. A toll gate together, "Le Petomane Thruway," and asks the gang of Taggart ten cents to pass. If the gang finally passed, they fall to the replica of Rock Ridge. Jim has undermined the city with dynamite and brings everything to blast. As the population of the real Rock Ridge attacks the remaining gang members, fighting them himself a way to the next film set where Director Buddy Bizarre a gay musical is recording. Lamarr escapes and flees to Grauman's Chinese Theatre (famous for the Oscar ceremonies). He is however in its noble parts hit by sheriff Bart. Together with Jim Bart goes to the theatre in to see the end of Blazing Saddles .

Division Of Roles[Edit]Edit

Scenario[Edit]Edit

Teamwork[Edit]Edit

Mel Brooks had the scenarios of his two earlier films The Producers (1968) and Twelve Chairs (1970) written, but got nostalgic for the time of the tv show Your Show or Shows when he was part of a writers collective. He decided to cooperate with four other screenwriters, Andrew BergmanRichard PryorNorman Steinberg and Al Uger. Starting point for the screenplay was the story "Black Bart" by Andrew Bergman who also wrote the synopsis for the film. The story was pure fiction, though there exist a real Black Bart who lived in the Wild West, that was the Bandit/poet Charles Earl Bowles, who left a poem sometimes robbed stagecoaches. Bowles, however, was blank and there is no connection with him in the movie. All five writers supplied text for the scenario, that soon brimmed fence words and regularly exceeded the limit of good taste. (It would be the first film in which the sound of a fart was heard). The studio would later ask to Brooks to get certain scenes from the movie. As scenes in which Brooks can be heard. Brooks who knew he had the right on the final assembly kept saying that he would do and then left the scene are. The only scene that disappeared were those in which Lili tries to seduce Bart exclaims that they and the last to "his arm is a suck". The writing team was notorious for the nightly sessions in particular writers Richard Pryor was going on loud music and drugs were used.

Title[Edit]Edit

The original title of the film was "Tex X" a parody of the name of Black Muslim leader Malcolm X, but was later changed to "Black Bart and Purple Sage" and again later in "Black Bart". But Brooks was not satisfied with it. One morning he was in the shower and the name "Blazing Saddles" came suddenly at him. Later he told his idea to his wife, actress Anne Bancroft, who masterfully was made, after which the title finally changed.

Parody[Edit]Edit

Mel Brooks made a number of movies that movie genres, such as Silent Movie parody about the early years of film, Young Frankenstein about the horror movies and Spaceballs about the SF movies. With Blazing Saddles , he received the western genre upside down. Films such as High NoonThe Wild BunchOnce Upon a Time in The West and Destry Rides Again were grateful vendors to Brooks ruthless satire. The film that most on the heel is taken is High Noon with Gary Cooper, especially the scene in the Church where the villager sheriff Bart calls for action, comes directly from High Noon, to stand in the costumes of the villagers. The song "The Ballad of Rock Ridge" by Mel Brooks, is in itself a parody on the track "Do Not Forsake Me, Oh My Darlin '", from "High Noon".

Another well known western Destry Rides Again was relentlessly parodied by the imitation of Marlene Dietrich by Madeline Kahn. Kahn's character Lili Von Stage sings the song "I" m so Tired ", a parody on" I'm the Laziest Gal in Town "from Alfred Hitchcock's Stagefright . "Shtup" is a Yiddish word and means ' filling up ', although it is more used in the sense of "have sex with someone". Another actress who was tackled by the writing team is Hedy Lamarr (1913-2000). The actress was not happy that her name from the villain Hedley Lamarr was hung. She went a lawsuit and asked for compensation. Mel Brooks was flattered by her attention and knew the case outside the courtroom to arrange for a low amount.

Governor LePetomane's character was played by Mel Brooks, the name LePentomane comes from the French actor Joseph Pujol known for its act which he could let and self winds candles uitblees command. Letting winds plays a large role in the film. Brooks also played the Indian chiefs that appears to speak Yiddish. The character looks puzzled to the covered wagon of the father and mother of Bart which is not with the wagons of the whites elements are permitted to stand in a circle and drive only buttons. The famous choreographer Busby Berkeley lent his name to the character Buddy Bizarre. Berkeley was famous due to its perfect staged musicals, on which the musical by Bizarre, "The French Mistake", is a parody.

Actors[Edit]Edit

Sheriff Bart[Edit]Edit

Mel Brooks wanted actor/screenwriter Richard Pryor to play the role of sheriff Bart. But the managers of Warner Brothers were concerned about the excessive drug use of Pryor and even about his mental stability. As a member of the writers ' collective of Blazing Saddles had Pryor already regularly for pollution provided by loud music playing at night writers sessions, where drugs were used. Brooks that the investments of the studio needed, chose eggs hard for his money and went looking for another sheriff. He considered James Earl Jones but chose Cleavon Little.

The Waco Kid[Edit]Edit

For the role of Jim, the Waco Kid, John Wayne Brooks had in mind. Wayne read the scenario, thought it was very funny, but refused the role, which he found not fit his image. On parting from Brooks said Wayne that he would buy a ticket as first as the movie premiered. Actor Than Dailey refused the role due to his weak health, after which Johnny Carson was polled. After Carson had refused, actor Gig Young got the role. On the day that the recordings were supposed to start, would play the scene in which he awakens from a Young alcoholic intoxication. Young, himself an alcoholic, was really drunk and passed out on the set. Then Brooks decided to dismiss the recordings still and Young. Gene Wilder who was chosen to play the role of Hedley Lamarr, had the offer refused, because he would rather the Waco Kid wanted to play. After Young was sacked on the first shooting day, Wilder was hastily flown to still to take on the role of Waco Kid.

Lili and Buddy[Edit]Edit

For the role of Lili was Madeline Kahn favorite, but the actress was already contracted for the production of the film Mame Lucille Ball 's where she played Agnes Gooch went to play. She did however, audition and was very surprised when Brooks asked her to lift her skirt so he could see her legs. Just as she thought to be involved in a dubious production, but Brooks just wanted to check her legs somewhat agreed with the famous legs of Marlene Dietrich. Not long after the audition was Kahn redundancies at "Mame". If reason was called that Kahn not good enough acted. Lucille Ball was convinced that Kahn purposely bad acted because they prefer in Blazing Saddles was going to play. If they resigned, they would not be paid by Ball, but after her resignation from "Mame" she had, according to her contract, just be paid out. According to Dom DeLuise was Mel Brooks plans to hire Peter Sellers as Buddy Bizarre. But during the hours-long audition of the British actor saw Brooks in that he could not work with Sellers and DeLuise was adopted.

Production[Edit]Edit

The film was shot in the summer of 1973 and production began with the scene in which the drunken Waco Kid on a gevangenisbed is and talk to sheriff Bart. Actor Gig Young Kid who would play the role of Waco was an alcoholic and had really heavy drunk. He fainted and was carried from the set. Brooks completed the recordings a day still and then decided to take a different actor for the role. Gene Wilder was flown in and took over the role. Gig Young would later Warner Brothers to court for breach of contract. The rest of the shots went without too many problems. Because of the many action scenes were seventy stunt people, most of whom also acted as extras. To the scene where all the cowboys let a wind after eating a plate of beans, was in post production sound added. Mel Brooks and some assistants pushed to their hand and smeared SOAP which is then under their armpit, was formed by the armpit to move so the desired effect.

Music[Edit]Edit

Background[Edit]Edit

The title song for Mel Brooks wanted the real sound of Frankie Laine as in the title song of the television series Rawhide. He placed an ad in which he pointed out to a Frankie Lainekloon search. To his surprise, the real Frankie Laine not much later for his door. Without telling that this is a comedy, Brooks left the singer went Blazing Saddles warming up on his own characteristic way. Laine sang at the top of their lungs, without a trace of irony, the song in. Another number of Brooks, "Bart", took out the film does not. The song with background information on the character of sheriff Bart, took out the speed from the movie, when it was flipped.

Songs[Edit]Edit

The following songs are in the movie told:

  • "Blazing Saddles" (John Morris/Mel Brooks) performed by Frankie Laine
  • "I'm Tired" (Mel Brooks) performed by Madeline Kahn
  • "The French Mistake" (Mel Brooks)
  • "The Ballad of Rock Ridge" (Mel Brooks)
  • "April in Paris" (Vernon Duke/E.Y. Harburg) performed by Count Basie
  • "I Get a Kick Out of You" (Cole Porter)
  • "Merrily We Roll Along" (Charles Tobias/Murray Mencher/Eddie Cantor)
  • "Camptown Races" (Stephen Foster)

Awards and nominations[Edit]Edit

Academy Awards[Edit]Edit

Nominations for:

  • Best actress in a supporting role (Madeline Kahn)
  • Best Montage
  • Best Music

BAFTA Awards[Edit]Edit

Nominations for:

  • Best newcomer (Cleavon Little)
  • Best screenplay

Writers Guild of America Award[Edit]Edit

  • Best original screenplay for a comedy film

Tv[Edit]Edit

In 1975 , the American television channel CBS to make the idea of a television series of Black Bart, the story on which the film is based. There was a pilot for the series, but that didn't catch on, making the transmitter the whole idea rejected. In the pilot play Louis Gossett Jr. and starring Steve Landesberg . Mel Brooks was not involved in the making of the pilot, that was only the writer of the original story, Andrew Bergman. The pilot was once broadcast on april 4, 1975.

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