The City of Tokyo (東京市, 'Tōkyō-shi') was a Japanese city located in the former Tokyo (東京府, Tōkyō-fu). The city existed from may 1, 1889 until 1 July 1943. On this date the city of Tokyo with the former Prefecture merged to form the new Tokyo metropolis (東京都, Tōkyō-to). The special wards of Tokyo, Japan (tokubetsu-ku) are located on the territory of the former City of Tokyo. [1]

Adjacent cities and municipalities[Edit]Edit


EdoIn 1868, was the seat of the Tokugawa shogunate was renamed Tokyo. Short time later became Tokyo (Tōkyō-fu) was established. [1Tokyo Prefecture (-fu) was originally not larger than the 15 districts of the former City of Edo. The Prefecture (-fu), however, quickly expanded to its present form.

The Prefecture (-fu) existed in 1878 from 15 wards (Ku) and 6 districts (Gun) . These neighborhoods, which formed the basis of the ancient city of Edo, were:

The city of Tokyo did not separate Mayor or City Council. The Governor of the Prefecture (-fu) acted as Mayor of the city of Tokyo and each district had its own City Council.

With the great institutional reform of 1889 which led to the creation of the Japanese municipal system with Mura (villages), Chō-machi (municipality) and Shi (cities), Tokyo got the title Shi. The city, however, remained dependent on the Prefecture (-fu) because the Governor was also the Mayor. The city of Tokyo was not until 1898chose for the first time a mayor. The districts, however, retained a large degree of legislative independence. This is committed today in the system of the special wards of Tokyo, Japan. The Town Hall of Tokyo was located in the Yurakucho district at the place where today is the Tokyo International Forum . [2In July 1932 merged the city of Tokyo with different districts. The city of Tokyo existed from now from 35 districts. After this merger Tokyo was the second largest city in the world with a population of 5 million inhabitants. [1the city of Tokyo was extended with the following districts:

In 1943 , the city of Tokyo to exist. On this date the city of Tokyo Prefecture merged with Tokyo Prefecture (-fu) to the new Tokyo (東京都, Tōkyō-to). [1this Prefecture was part of a Japanese Government:d e Governor of Tokyo was made a cabinet minister with direct responsibility to the Prime Minister of Japan.This system remained in place until 1947. [1In 1947, when the law on local autonomy (地方自治法Chihō-jadhav-25 gained,) took effect, Tokyo got the same status as the other Japanese prefectures. Tokyo, however, retained its name (to -instead of -ken) and the special status for his special wards. The number of wards was captured on 22. Each special district retained a status comparable to that of a city (-shi).

Nerima was Itabashi on 1 August 1947 of split off and became the 23rd Special District.


Overview of the genesis of the 23 special wards. Tokyo from 15 districts existed In 1889 (-ku) and 6 districts (-gun). The districts existed again from Mura (villages) and -machi (municipalities).


(15 districts)


(15 districts)


(35 districts)


(35 districts)

23 special wards

of Tokyo

Kojimachi Chiyoda
Nihonbashi Chuo
Shiba Minato
Yotsuya Yotsuya Shinjuku
Naito-shinjuku-machi, Toyotama-gun
Yodobashi-machi, Toyotama-gun Yodobashi
Okubo-machi, Toyotama-gun
Totsuka-machi, Toyotama-gun
Ochiai-machi, Toyotama-gun
Koishikawa Bunkyo
Shitaya Taito
Honjo Sumida
Terashima-machi, Minami-Katsushika-gun Mukojima
Azuma-machi, Minami-Katsushika-gun
Sumida-machi, Minami-Katsushika-gun
Fukagawa Koto
Kameido-machi, Minami-Katsushika-gun Joto
Ojima-machi, Minami-Katsushika-gun
Suna-machi, Minami-Katsushika-gun
Shinagawa-machi, Ebara-gun Shinagawa Shinagawa
Oi-machi, Ebara-gun
Osaki-machi, Ebara-gun
Ebara-machi, Ebara-gun Ebara
Meguro-machi, Ebara-gun Meguro
Hibusuma-machi, Ebara-gun
Omori-machi, Ebara-gun Omori Ota
Iriarai-machi, Ebara-gun
Magome-machi, Ebara-gun
Ikegami-machi, Ebara-gun
Higashi-Chofu-machi, Ebara-gun
Kamata-machi, Ebara-gun Kamata
Yaguchi-machi, Ebara-gun
Rokugo-machi, Ebara-gun
Haneda-machi, Ebara-gun
Setagaya-machi, Ebara-gun Setagaya Setagaya
Komazawa University-machi, Ebara-gun
Matsuzawa-mura, Ebara-gun
Tamagawa-mura, Ebara-gun
Kinuta-mura, Kita-Tama-gun
Chitose-mura, Ebara-gun
Shibuya-machi, Toyotama-gun Shibuya
Sendagaya-machi, Toyotama-gun
Toyotama-machi, Yoyohata-gun
Nakano-machi, Toyotama-gun Nakano
Nogata-machi, Toyotama-gun
Suginami-machi, Toyotama-gun Suginami
Wadabori-machi, Toyotama-gun
Iogi-machi, Toyotama-gun
Takaido-machi, Toyotama-gun
Sugamo-machi, Kita-Toshima-gun Toshima
Nishi-Sugamo-machi, Kita-Toshima-gun
Nagasaki-machi, Kita-Toshima-gun
Takada-machi, Kita-Toshima-gun
Takinogawa-machi, Kita-Toshima-gun Takinogawa Kita
Ouji-machi, Kita-Toshima-gun Oji
Iwabuchi-machi, Kita-Toshima-gun
Minami-Senju-machi, Kita-Toshima-gun Arakawa
Mikawashima-machi, Kita-Toshima-gun
Nippori-machi, Kita-Toshima-gun
Fran-machi, Kita-Toshima-gun
Itabashi-machi, Kita-Toshima-gun Itabashi Itabashi
Kami-Itabashi-mura, Kita-Toshima-gun
colspan = "4" Shimura-mura, Kita-Toshima-gun
Akatsuka-mura, Kita-Toshima-gun
Nerima-machi, Kita-Toshima-gun Nerima
Kami-Nerima-mura, Kita-Toshima-gun
Nakaarai-mura, Kita-Toshima-gun
Shakujii-mura, Kita-Toshima-gun
Oizumi-mura, Kita-Toshima-gun
Senju-machi, Minami-Adachi-gun Adachi
Umejima-machi, Minami-Adachi-gun
Minami-machi, Adachi-gun-Nishiarai
Kohoku-mura, Minami-Adachi-gun
Toneri-mura, Minami-Adachi-gun
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